How to set up a profitable poultry farming business in Kenya

Poultry farming has become one of the most important aspects of agriculture in Kenya for some reasons.

1. It create business opportunity for Entrepreneurs

2. It provides employment for job seeking citizens

3. It is the kind of business that can never dry up

4. It brings in lot of income Poultry farming is very profitable.

A good poultry farmer earns above Kshs5 million per annum depending on how big the farm is. All these benefits are open to you if you start your own poultry farm today. There are basically three types of chicken.

1. The pullets popularly known as Layers: Layers are reared for egg production and most lucrative but more stressing compare to the other once.

2. The Broiler Chicken: Broilers are reared for meat production; The Broilers grows very faster and are ready for sale at 12 weeks from hatch.

3. The third is the cockerel: This is also reared for meat production. . Cockerels grow slower and can take up to twenty four weeks before they are matured for marketing. Cockerels are reliable in terms of survival and withstanding bad weathers. They are more resilient, and can absorb shocks far better than Layers and Broilers.

Poultry farming in Kenya requires having the right knowledge to be able to the right things to get the right result. It requires hard work and prompt attention to details. Poultry Farming is little capital intensive but if you are starting on a micro scale (Home back yard) where you have a small space at your back yard, it is not. Starting small is the best way to enter and learn the business. Before you venture into poultry farming business in Kenya, you need to seat back and do proper planning; make sure you have an idea of all the costs involved. Currently they seem to be no high poultry farms in Kenya like the ones in Europe, USA and other counties. Any investor who has the needed capital to venture into it will have reasons to smile within a short period of time. If you are ready to get started in poultry farming in Kenya, these are the basic requirements you need to set up your farm.

LAND: The no 1 thing you need to get is land. a plot of land of 120 x 60 square meters is okay for setting up medium scale poultry farm in Kenya, at least for a start. Once you have land that is big enough for your farm set up, almost half of your needs have been taken care of. Land is the hardest and the most expensive part of poultry business in Kenya. Look for land in a rural area or in farms. There you will get lands cheaper, stays out of trouble and do your production there, while your products will be transported to the urban area for sell. It will be good if you can get your own poultry farm land and build a permanent farm rather than to rent. When you rent, the owner might decide to send you packing and relocating always comes with huge cost. Chicken

CAGE: This is the second most important part of your poultry farm set up and it is not as expensive as buying or acquiring land. There are so many ways you can build the birds house but make sure that the sizes of the building is spacious enough for the chicken to run around. The house should be constructed in a way that you will be able to control the ventilation and air movement. When planning out your chicken house, always remember that space is very important. Don’t compromise on this to avoid frequent loss of your birds through suffocation and contamination.

Day Old Chicks This is where the business starts. Buy chicks from chicken hatchery that mainly deals with the supplying of different species of day-old chickens. It’s better to buy from the hatchery, Chicken hatchery usually produce good quantity of day old chicks through the use of incubators. Raising hens from baby chicks requires you to check on them often during the first few weeks (Seven to nine weeks). It’s really fun to watch them turn from downy, fluffy little balls into feathered-out, gawky adolescent pullets. A chick does not have the ability to maintain its own body temperature without an external source of heat. Below are my outlines of taking care of chicks after you have gotten your chick, once those baby balls of fluff arrive home, you’ll want to have everything ready for them to settle into their brooder and stay warm and happy. Plan to check on them at least five times a day during the first couple of weeks of life, and less after that. You’ll need to monitor their temperature, keep them safe from pets, predators and over handling by children, keep their feed and water clean. Make sure your baby chicks have everything they’ll need on the first day home. As they get older, you will use different feeders, but for the first week or two, plastic chick feeders like the ones you see above will make life a lot easier for you. Light must be available at all time in your poultry farm to keep the chickens warm, especially during raining season when the humidity is always very low. Look for reliable source of power to supply your hen’s house with heat and light. Chicks love to stomp in their feed, tip it over, and generally make a mess. They’re also not terribly smart and can eat quite a lot of shavings or bedding while they pick spilled feed off the floor. These feeders are perfect. They’re at the right height when placed on the brooder floor.

Caring for Your Growing Chickens; after the baby chick stage passes, you’ll have young pullets and cockerels and, once they turn one year old, hens and roosters. Some basic daily chores involving keeping their food and water fresh and collecting eggs is the basis of ongoing chicken care, but you’ll want to make sure they’re protected from predators and staying healthy as well.

NOTE: Most layers will start laying eggs the moment they are 18 weeks old but some wait till they are about 22 weeks old. Whichever way, Layer farming is considered the most lucrative of all poultry farming because two things are achieved from layers, they lay eggs which fetch good money in the market, and are equally sold for the meat. What are you then waiting for? Go ahead and give it a try – am very sure you’ll have reason to smile soonest!!!


102 thoughts on “How to set up a profitable poultry farming business in Kenya”

  1. Am a Nigerian and also into poultry production and fish farming. Last year i visited Kenya for 6months working as a missionary in a ministry as kisumu. I wanted to train the youths about the profit and benefits of poultry production and fish farming but due to time constraint,i was not able to achieve that. Hopefully,am planning of visiting again in summer to carry out this seminar to reach out to unemployed youth and teach them to be gainfully employed. Thanks.

    1. I am planning to start a poultry farm on 1/4 acre piece of land. I am requesting for someone to send me some designs for the chicken house/cage or ideas on how to go about this.

      1. very important Join the club @ horeb poultry information sharing is always free.

  2. Am working on establishing a poultry farm at Kirwara along Thika-Gatura road…(Gatanga district 18 km from Thika town) where can i get the market for my layers and broilers..I have a business plan and model but I only have not found market.please help.

  3. Am working on establishing a poultry farm at Kirwara along Thika-Gatura road…(Gatanga district 18 km from Thika town) where can i get the market for my layers and broilers..I have a business plan and model but I only have not found market.please help.

  4. I am a resident in Eldoret and would already started the poultry project but looking forward to more technical and superficial skills to take my project into an agri-business.

  5. I am a resident in Eldoret and have already started the poultry project but looking forward to more technical and superficial skills to take my project into a successfull agri-business.

  6. Am a graduate from moi University but upon clearing my course there in which I did BBM-Accounting option, I’ve realized my potentialities lies in farming. Am currently undertaking research based on poultry farming. I found this site so educative and more encouraging. Looking forward to learn more.

  7. It is true that poultry production generates alot of income and job opportunities, and due to this fact alot of people rushed into it and because they had no technical-know-how about the production aspects of the business especially how to over come and manage, treat and vaccinate their flocks, they ran into severe problems. Hence there is the need for one to do some research by attending seminars and talk shows on how to take care of their flocks from day one until their production stage, as in the case of pullets. And to attain an average weight gain as in the case of broiles and the cockerels. At the other hand, it is also very important to involve the services of a vet doctor or an animal health technicians to give their necessary recommendation and advice. God bless.

  8. Poultry farming is not for the failures, like any other business you need to invest in skills, finances and human resources.

    let me make my self clear its not alternative option or plan B

  9. Hi,I want to start poultry farming, I have a passion in farming.I have my plan for this project ready
    I have piece of land ready for doing this but I lack capital.
    Can I kindly get in touch.

  10. Hi, wanna start poultry farming, my plan for this project is ready plus nice land to carry out this project but I lack capital.
    Can I kindly get in touch?

  11. It all depends on the type of poultry one is working to set up and also the purpose. Be it single or dual purpose,one have to be financially prepared because it is a capital intensive project. Just like MAC said; it is not an alternative option or plan B! One have to be all round prepared.

  12. Hi .. . am excited with u pple resolve 2 inform us on DA available options in income generating am a student at university of eldoret ( U.O.E Or chep) I thot of starting 2 to 5 hen rearing project pliz I wld b appreciative if u guide me on food ration n u send for me literature materials thanks……

    1. Am in kenya can you tell me how much does it cost to start poultry layers only amd i already have the land bt bt what iwant to know is how mch does it cost to buy chicks and build a house fr the chicks and more facility for them

  13. well am very much impressed am a kenyan around the lake region aged 18 years am still in school am in the position of starting this business so how iz the actual cost to start and actually who shud i contact to get the chicks a want tu give it a try pls..

  14. i have desire to start poultry farming i have land and i have a business plan for the same but i lack capital to start the project

  15. Hey any idea on (sales and marketing) of poultry products, i have 4000 mature kienyeji birds @ my farm in Salama – Makeuni, Market / reasonable sales is proving to be a challenge,

  16. Hey any idea on (sales and marketing) of poultry products, i have 4000 mature kienyeji birds @ my farm in Salama – Makueni, Market / reasonable sales is proving to be a challenge,

  17. anyone who is interested to partner with me to start small scale poultry and egg farming that will grow with additional investment if profitable. find me on facebook

  18. Hi,i have passion in poultry farming,i have enough space but i luck proper knowledge on how to manage professionally,do you have handouts or so ?

  19. Its a very insightful sight. If u can mail me a proper business plan for 1000 layers i wil appreciate. my email is

  20. I want to get started on a bigger scale farm..I need someone honest who can guide me. Looking at 10 to 15 thousand chicken farm to rent.

  21. im ronald from uganda and i would like to start aproject of poutry so i would like it on asmall piece of land send me apic of how i should plan
    thamk you

  22. Am happy for the help ur doing to pple who wish to join poultry farming. can get contacts of organization or NGOs who are ready to give hand to farmer doing poultry.

  23. Hi? am in kakamega county, butere sub county. am to Venture into this project, already structured a the poultry house but I haven’t acquired the birds. please connect me with supplier of improved kienyeji hens. Thanks

  24. have already 50 mature kienyeji layers on pilot project. am now planning to roll out the project to 100 then 500 birds soon because I have seen the returns. I am planning to hatch the chicks naturally then sell the male. I make My own feeds of maize meal fish cabbages green veges. My land is 1.5 acres and the birds move around enjoying the security of my dogs. I vaccinate periodically after six months and I haven’t experienced major challenges in pests and diseases.
    more advice is welcomed on

  25. I like the site. am still in school(undergraduate). poultry keeping is boost my living standard. To all starter, please, monitor on 5_goal: purpose, confidence, time, value, and support. work individually if you can to balance your goal. start with a small number of chicken to understand feeding habit and the rest, rather than a big number, then unfortunately they mess you up and you start blaming poultry farming. For sales and marketing, visit chicken inns, butcheries, and the rest. Pick orders for supply.All the best.

  26. i like this ..i would like to have a teamof youths that will specialise on key areas; management,marketing,..on the poultry farming..thanyou for your ideas..will always be in touch..starting the project 2016 may…if you willing to partner with me +254708535696.;kericho county-kenya

  27. I really appreciate this positive idea. am Linford from mt Elgon. I have all the resources,land,feeds including sunflower seeds n some capital. just need somebody with the skills to set up a structure as I plan on how to purchase the day old chicks. may God bless the work of my hands

  28. Do your need Capital fund for your business?
    Do you have 6 month old business & minimum $5-$10k monthly revinue?
    .Apply now for your business fund.
    bank will provide to you loan within 24 hour.very easy process.

  29. As Patrick and begin disabled .. Poultry keeping will help me much .. That where I get my daily bread.. Am not disabled because I can do something that can help me and help other people in my country.. Through poultry keeping am on my way to where I desire to be…

  30. 43rd KARI Kienyeji Chicken Farmers Training & Farm Visit on Saturday, 19th March 2016; 9.30am – 5.30pm at Homerange Poultry Farm Ruaka town along Limuru road, Nairobi. Charges Kshs. 3500 per person

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  31. Healthy, Hassle FREE DAY OLD CHICS
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  32. I do run a small chicken farming but am not satisfied on their production in terms of eggs. pls advice on the best means to improve.thanks

  33. Josephart n am looking for bussines plan for 500 ken bro chicks.I
    already have land n some savings for the project

  34. Am a graduate of zoology,but have been working in an oil & gas coy for 12years after graduation. Am now out of job and ready to start poultry,fishry and tuckey farming,i have 7 plot of land of 100 by 50m each and quite some capital to invest,but do not have professional and technical knowledge to commence the farming. Kindly advice me so I don’t make technical errors at start up.

  35. Hi,iam a Kenya lady 27yrs old.iam in business for three years now. But my problem is the market industry. Pliz help

  36. am very much encouraged now, since i have been thinking about that in a while now. i want to start one in mumias kenya

  37. fellow farmers don’t look a lot on profit but take every step with the seriousness it deserves .even Rome took time to be what it is today.I have 120 layers from kenchick and not even one has died .have some good tyme with your chicken familly and you will see.

  38. am otachi Dennis fro eldoret am student, i have started poultry production and ineed more resources to increase the production,how can you help

  39. poultry cages, layer cages, broiler cages, chick cages, pullet cages
    Layer cages for 96 to 200 layers per set
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    my whatsapp:008613653867913


    DATE: Saturday, 21st January 2017

    Time: 9.30am – 4.30pm



    Come ready to get your hands dirty and learn all the things you need to do at your poultry farm to achieve HIGH PRODUCTION and HIGH FINANCIAL RETURNS!!

    Poultry Farming ni Pesa if you do it right!

    Come learn from the experts how to DO IT RIGHT!

  41. Hi,am cold Otim Emmanuel in uganda am also started my project cold agrofarm uganda but it steal in lower levol so what i know in layers is there feeds is very expensive so if u are stanting mark sure u have anought maney.

  42. i am young poultry farmer based in nrb,,,i recentry constructed 100 chick incubator,,who can supply me F1 chick,,kari/kuroiler/leghorns or so,,contact 0723833172.

  43. i am a young poultry farmer based in suburb of Nrb.i recently constructed a 100 chick brooder,,i m looking 4 a genuine hatcher of either :kuroiler/kari/leghorn or so.plz contanct,,,0723833172

  44. I’m starting one soon in tharaka nithi county,im targeting around 2000 poultry by december 2018.My worry is,will i get ready market really

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